Coronary artery disease can be treated effectively, but it has no cure. Listed below are some health choices you can make to help prevent coronary artery disease:
1. Stop smoking:
If you smoke, quitting is the single most important thing you can do to lower your risk of coronary artery disease. Chemicals in cigarette smoke may make it easier for plaque to build up on your artery walls. And smoking increases your heart rate and blood pressure, raising your risk of heart attack and stroke. If you are ready to quit, ask your doctor for advice; he or she can recommend smoking cessation aids to help you quit.
2. Increase your activity:
A sedentary lifestyle increases your risk. Your doctor can recommend an activity program tailored for your situation. Regular exercise can help you lower your blood pressure and blood cholesterol and reach a healthy weight. It can also help you manage the daily stresses of modern life more easily.
3. Choose a healthy diet:
A diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol and rich in lean protein, fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help you achieve a healthy weight and control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
4. Manage your stress:
Stress is an inescapable aspect of modern day living, but you can help lessen its negative health effects by practicing the "relaxation response." Research has shown that relaxation techniques can improve your ability to cope with stressful events while decreasing your heart rate, blood pressure, and stress hormone levels.